Enacted in 1868, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution marks its 150th anniversary this year. Intended to grant citizenship rights and due process protection to former slaves, the amendment became the foundation for Reconstruction, the civil rights movement and the expansion of constitutional rights and protection for all U.S. citizens.

ANNENBERG CLASSROOM

A Conversation on the Constitution: The 14th Amendment
Incorporating three integral constitutional tenets – due process, equal protection, and privileges and immunities – the 14th Amendment was originally intended to secure rights for former slaves, but over the years, it has been expanded to protect all people. In this video, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg discusses the importance of the 14th Amendment and how it came to embody and protect the principle of “We the People.”

Yick Wo and the Equal Protection Clause
This film examines the case Yick Wo v. Hopkins (1886) in which the Supreme Court held that noncitizens have due process rights under the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause.

CENTER FOR CIVIC EDUCATION

Citizenship and the U.S. Constitution
Students examine the concept of “citizen” from a definitional perspective of what a citizen is and from the perspective of how citizenship is conferred in the U.S. Students also discuss the rights and responsibilities of citizens and noncitizens and review the changing history of citizenship from colonial times to the present.

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION

This unit describes the development of Black Codes after the Civil War and details sections of the South Carolina code on Civil Rights, labor contracts, vagrancy, apprenticeship, courts and punishment, and other restrictions. In small groups, students evaluate one of six sections of the South Carolina code through the lens of the 14th Amendment.

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION CHICAGO

Civil Conversation on the 14th Amendment
The 14th Amendment redefined the central institutions of American civic and political life after the Civil War and remains the bulwark of our constitutional rights today. Use the Civil Conversation strategy to take a closer reading of Section 1 of the amendment.

CORE KNOWLEDGE FOUNDATION

American Reformers
This unit focuses on efforts to improve U.S. society from the early 1800s to the 1850s, including the temperance movement; efforts to obtain better treatment for people with mental illnesses; the campaign for free public education; the work of abolitionists; and the early women’s rights movement.

HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA

Japanese American Internment
In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which gave the military broad powers to ban any citizen from a coastal area stretching from Washington state to California and extending into southern Arizona. More than 120,000 persons of Japanese ancestry –77,000 of them American citizens – were incarcerated without criminal charges or trial.

NATIONAL CONSTITUTION CENTER

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Slaughterhouse Cases
Using video clips, students will investigate the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the 14th Amendment in the years after its ratification.

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES’ EDSITEMENT PROJECT

“Twelve Angry Men”: Trial by Jury as a Right and as a Political Institution
“Twelve Angry Men,” originally written for TV and subsequently adapted for stage and film, conveys the importance of the right to a jury trial afforded by Article III of the Constitution as well as Amendments V, VI, and XIV.

STREET LAW

Obergefell v. Hodges and consolidated cases (2015)
Does the 14th Amendment require a state to license same-sex marriages? Does it require a state to recognize a same-sex marriage that was lawfully licensed out-of-state?

Timeline and Primary Sources: History of the Fourteenth Amendment
Students will learn about the meaning and history of the 14th Amendment.